Lewis's main character Elwin Ransom is based in part on Tolkien, a fact to which Tolkien alludes in his letters. He is best known for his children’s classic series – The Chronicles of Narnia. [96] Lewis's last novel was Till We Have Faces, which he thought of as his most mature and masterly work of fiction but which was never a popular success. The Inklings: C. S. Lewis, J. R. R. Tolkien and Their Friends. He received the 1907 Nobel Prize in Literature. Tolkien was both. Lewis Biography. In 2013, on the 50th anniversary of his death, Lewis was honoured with a memorial in Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey. Owen Barfield, who knew Jack well in the 1920s, once said that he thought the likelihood was "fifty-fifty". C. S. Lewis was born in Belfast, Ireland (now in Northern Ireland), on November 29, 1898, the younger son of Albert and Flora Hamilton Lewis. Lewis dorastał w dobrej atmosferze. Lewis – A Biography I thought Lewis might get a little rough treatment. His philosophical writings are widely cited by Christian apologists from many denominations. [76] Concerning his appointed academic field, he argued that there was no such thing as an English Renaissance. [128][129] In 1985, the screenplay Shadowlands by William Nicholson dramatized Lewis's life and relationship with Joy Davidman Gresham. Irish writer Bram Stoker is best known for authoring the classic 19th-century horror novel 'Dracula.'. While readers of C. S. Lewis might assume a biography would cover his literature, this account comes from an eminent theologian and focuses on Lewis' spiritual life and conversion--and therefore is a definitive survey of Lewis' conversion and faith, recommended for spirituality holdings above all else. Książka, umiejscowiona w latach 40. After he was discharged from the hospital, Lewis returned to the Kilns, though he was too ill to return to work. [citation needed], Many ideas in the trilogy, particularly opposition to dehumanization as portrayed in the third book, are presented more formally in The Abolition of Man, based on a series of lectures by Lewis at Durham University in 1943. Given the religious undertones in his Narnia series, he may not have viewed the two types of writing as separate and distinct. Some had found out who Clive Lewis is when Narnia appeared on the screens. Browse a complete collection of his books, sign up for a monthly enewsletter, find additional resources, and more. [100], Lewis is also regarded by many as one of the most influential Christian apologists of his time, in addition to his career as an English professor and an author of fiction. Tolkien is an internationally renowned fantasy writer. She was my daughter and my mother, my pupil and my teacher, my subject and my sovereign; and always, holding all these in solution, my trusty comrade, friend, shipmate, fellow-soldier. He is also known throughout the world as the author of The Chronicles of Narnia fantasy series, which have been adapted into various films for the big and small screens. Lewis has been made famous through the film 'Shadowlands'. "[106], Lewis wrote an autobiography titled Surprised by Joy, which places special emphasis on his own conversion. [74], Lewis began his academic career as an undergraduate student at Oxford University, where he won a triple first, the highest honours in three areas of study. Early Days Since she was divorced, this was not straightforward in the Church of England at the time, but a friend, the Rev. • John Beversluis, C. S. Lewis and the Search for Rational Religion. George Sayer knew Lewis for 29 years, and he had sought to shed light on the relationship during the period of 14 years prior to Lewis's conversion to Christianity. We know, too, that they did not share the same bedroom. Arguably the most influential writer of his time, C.S. He is beloved not only for his children's literature, but also for his religious works. ISBN 0-8028-0046-7 I tried, trembling, to tell this man all that his writings had done for me. Lewis Society at the University of Oxford meets at Pusey House during term time to discuss papers on the life and works of Lewis and the other Inklings, and generally appreciate all things Lewisian.[142]. Lewis (29 November 1898 - 22 November 1963) was a prolific writer, poet, scholar of English literature and defender of Christianity. Another short work, The Screwtape Letters, which he dedicated to J. R. R. Tolkien, consists of letters of advice from senior demon Screwtape to his nephew Wormwood on the best ways to tempt a particular human and secure his damnation. Lewis was raised in a religious family that attended the Church of Ireland. Monroe Gil. Lewis taught at Oxford University and became a renowned Christian apologist writer, using logic and philosophy to support the tenets of his faith. I read everything I can get my hands on by or about C S Lewis. by University Press | 23 Dec 2019. Clive Staples Lewis (1898-1963), usually known as C. S. Lewis ("Jack" to his friends), was an Irish-born British writer, scholar of English medieval and renaissance literature, and Christian apologist.He was a fellow of University of Oxford from 1925 to 1954, the first Professor of Medieval and Renaissance Literature at University of Cambridge from 1954 until his death. He did not intend to. Lewis (29 November 1898 - 22 November 1963) was a prolific writer, poet, scholar of English literature and defender of Christianity. Now after conversations with Mrs. Moore's daughter, Maureen, and a consideration of the way in which their bedrooms were arranged at The Kilns, I am quite certain that they were. [27], Various critics have suggested that it was Lewis's dismay over the sectarian conflict in his native Belfast which led him to eventually adopt such an ecumenical brand of Christianity. [35], After Lewis returned to Oxford University, he received a First in Honour Moderations (Greek and Latin literature) in 1920, a First in Greats (Philosophy and Ancient History) in 1922, and a First in English in 1923. Paddy had earlier introduced Lewis to his mother, Janie King Moore, and a friendship quickly sprang up between Lewis, who was 18 when they met, and Janie, who was 45. And he responds first to the idea "that the Moral Law is simply our herd instinct" and second to the idea "that the Moral Law is simply a social convention". Ransom appears in the story but it is not clear whether the book was intended as part of the same series of novels. From 1941, he was occupied at his summer holiday weekends visiting R.A.F. (Lewis would assert that his Narnia stories weren't a direct allegory to the real world.). [86][87], His first novel after becoming a Christian was The Pilgrim's Regress (1933), which depicted his experience with Christianity in the style of John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress. He later came to consider himself honoured by worshipping with men of faith who came in shabby clothes and work boots and who sang all the verses to all the hymns. Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963), usually called C. S. Lewis, was a British scholar who wrote about 40 books. An atheist from boyhood, he converted at age 33 and devoted much of the rest of his life to writing about faith. [114] Theologian John Hick argues that New Testament scholars do not now support the view that Jesus claimed to be God. In 1916, Lewis was awarded a scholarship at University College, Oxford. Compre CS Lewis: The Greatest Lessons through the Inspiring Life of CS Lewis (CS Lewis Biography, CS Lewis Mere Christianity, CS Lewis The Screwtape Letters) (English Edition) de Watson, Evander na Amazon.com.br. [79], Lewis was commissioned to write the volume English Literature in the Sixteenth Century (Excluding Drama) for the Oxford History of English Literature. In 1963, Lewis resigned from his Cambridge position after experiencing heart trouble. C.S. Lewis was born in Belfast in 1898 and was … [28] As one critic has said, Lewis "repeatedly extolled the virtues of all branches of the Christian faith, emphasising a need for unity among Christians around what the Catholic writer G. K. Chesterton called 'Mere Christianity', the core doctrinal beliefs that all denominations share". Lewis. C.S. C.S Lewis. While he was quite young, his mother died of cancer but the "stiff upper lip" in favour at the time meant he wasn't allowed to grieve. The Chronicles of Narnia has been particularly influential. Lewis: Clive Staples Lewis ("Jack" Lewis to his friends) was a tutor and lecturer at Oxford University, and later Professor of Medieval and Renaissance English Literature at Cambridge University. The CS Lewis Nature Reserve, on ground owned by Lewis, lies behind his house, The Kilns. [75] He was then elected a Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, where he worked for nearly thirty years, from 1925 to 1954. He goes on to claim that there must be someone or something behind such a universal set of principles. He then chose to live as a surrogate son with Janie Moore, the mother of a friend of Lewis' who was killed in the war. His Christian apologetics are read and quoted by members of many Christian denominations. 0:18 [PDF] Lewis Hamilton: Triple World Champion: The Biography Full Online. The Irish novelist and essayist C. S. Lewis was best known for his essays on literature and his explanations of Christian teachings. Lewis wrote several works on Heaven and Hell. In reality, he is an invention giving an imaginary answer to the question, 'What might Christ become like, if there really were a world like Narnia and He chose to be incarnate and die and rise again in that world as He actually has done in ours?' Lewis Timeline. Best seller Lewis Carroll: A Biography (Part 1) E-book. November 1963 in Oxford) war ein irischer Schriftsteller und Literaturwissenschaftler.Er lehrte am Magdalen College der University of Oxford und hatte den Lehrstuhl für Englische Literatur des Mittelalters und der Renaissance an der University of Cambridge inne. Lewis, in full Clive Staples Lewis, (born November 29, 1898, Belfast, Ireland [now in Northern Ireland]—died November 22, 1963, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England), Irish-born scholar, novelist, and author of about 40 books, many of them on Christian apologetics, including The Screwtape Letters and Mere Christianity. In responding to the second idea Lewis notes that people often complain that one set of moral ideas is better than another, but that this actually argues for there existing some "Real Morality" to which they are comparing other moralities. First, that human beings, all over the earth, have this curious idea that they ought to behave in a certain way, and cannot really get rid of it. Lewis, Part 1, Little Lea", "C.S. C. S. Lewis: A Biography has been added to your Cart Add a gift receipt with prices hidden. November 29, 1898 - November 22, 1963 British Writer. Lewis, właściwie Clive Staples Lewis, pseud. [90][page needed], Walter Hooper, Lewis's literary executor, discovered a fragment of another science-fiction novel apparently written by Lewis called The Dark Tower. Lewis returned to Anglicanism at the age of 32, owing to the influence of Tolkien and other friends, and he became an "ordinary layman of the Church of England". The right defence against false sentiments is to inculcate just sentiments." This work deliberately echoes two other more famous works with a similar theme: the Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri, and Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress. Lewis? British Writer. Lewis was an author, essayist and Christian apologist. [33][page needed] He suffered from depression and homesickness during his convalescence and, upon his recovery in October, he was assigned to duty in Andover, England. He was a keen admirer of the works of W.B.Yeats, at a time when he was relatively unknown in England.After a variety of private tuition and public schools such as Malvern in Worc… They would meet at pubs in Oxford such as The Eagle and Child where they would read parts of their novels. Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963) was a British writer and lay theologian. That’s because I’d already seen how Wilson dealt with him in his biography of John Betjeman. [137], In A Sword Between the Sexes? 29 listopada 1898 w Belfaście, zm. Lewis, Pauline Baynes (Illustrator) 4.08 avg rating — 404,546 ratings — published 1952 — 501 editions Eerdmans, 1985. Name at birth: Clive Staples Lewis. You must make your choice. [66], Lewis continued to raise Gresham's two sons after her death. In 1956, Lewis married American writer Joy Davidman; she died of cancer four years later at the age of 45. (Hilliard 2005) Pullman is an atheist and is known to be sharply critical of C.S. He maintained a strong attachment to the city of Oxford, keeping a home there and returning on weekends until his death in 1963. [131] This was also staged as a theatre play starring Nigel Hawthorne in 1989[132] and made into the 1993 feature film Shadowlands starring Anthony Hopkins and Debra Winger. Examining Mythology in 'The Chronicles of Narnia' by C.S. The title is a reference to William Blake's The Marriage of Heaven and Hell, a concept that Lewis found a "disastrous error". Secondly, that they do not in fact behave in that way. [136] Authors of adult fantasy literature such as Tim Powers have also testified to being influenced by Lewis's work. In a much-cited passage from Mere Christianity, Lewis challenged the view that Jesus was a great moral teacher but not God. He was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Within months of entering Oxford, the British Army shipped him to France to fight in the First World War. His brother Warren Hamilton Lewis had been born on June 16, 1895. [61] Lewis at first regarded her as an agreeable intellectual companion and personal friend, and it was on this level that he agreed to enter into a civil marriage contract with her so that she could continue to live in the UK. He is famous for his fantasy works, essays, and writings on literature and theology. [133], Many books have been inspired by Lewis, including A Severe Mercy by his correspondent and friend Sheldon Vanauken. In the first five chapters of Mere Christianity, Lewis discusses the idea that people have a standard of behaviour to which they expect people to adhere. In 1954, Lewis accepted the newly founded chair of Mediaeval and Renaissance Literature at Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he finished his career. Lewis Carroll was the pen name of Charles L. Dodgson, author of the children's classics 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' and 'Through the Looking-Glass.'. which he translated poetically as follows: (This is a highly poetic, rather than a literal translation. He routinely introduced her as his mother, referred to her as such in letters, and developed a deeply affectionate friendship with her. An atheist from boyhood, he converted at age 33 and devoted much of the rest of his life to writing about faith. C.S. C.S. [116], Lewis used a similar argument in The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, when the old Professor advises the young heroes that their sister's claims of a magical world must logically be taken as either lies, madness, or truth. The first book, Out of the Silent Planet, was apparently written following a conversation with his friend J.R.R. He later served in the local Home Guard in Oxford.[52]. C. S. Lewis Biography C. S. Lewis. This is not allegory at all.[109]. [82] Lewis's friendship with Coghill and Tolkien grew during their time as members of the Kolbítar, an Old Norse reading group that Tolkien founded and which ended around the time of the inception of the Inklings. His satirical fiction novel The Screwtape Letters (1942) is also a beloved classic. Owen. Christian apologist, novelist, and medievalist. [46] He described his last struggle in Surprised by Joy: You must picture me alone in that room in Magdalen [College, Oxford], night after night, feeling, whenever my mind lifted even for a second from my work, the steady, unrelenting approach of Him whom I so earnestly desired not to meet. Lewis was a very talented and intellectual man that I look up to. Because of the nature of much of Lewis' writing (in favor of Christianity), many biographers have recast Lewis into an image favored by the biographer's own religious beliefs, so an American fundamentalist biographer ignores Lewis' smoking and drinking, and a British Anglican glosses … But surely the reason we do not execute witches is that we do not believe there are such things. Later, during WWII, Lewis gave highly popular radio broadcasts on Christianity which won many converts; his speeches were collected in the work Mere Christianity. 1. [34] In a later letter, Lewis cited that his experience of the horror of war, along with the loss of his mother and his unhappiness in school, were the bases of his pessimism and atheism. Studying with Kirkpatrick ("The Great Knock", as Lewis afterward called him) instilled in him a love of Greek literature and mythology and sharpened his debate and reasoning skills. He became an Oxford don and led a sheltered life. C S Lewis A Biography: A.N. Lewis' theological works are usually apologetics, the defence of Christianity. Who Was C.S. Lewisa i Joy Gresham został przedstawiony w 1993 roku, w filmie "Cienista dolina" z Anthony Hopkinsem i Debrą Winger w rolach głównych. and the noise of wind under the tiles. The books that make up The Chronicles of Narnia have sold the most and have been popularised on stage, TV, radio, and cinema. He eventually returned to Christianity, having been influenced by arguments with his Oxford colleague and Christian friend J. R. R. Tolkien, whom he seems to have met for the first time on 11 May 1926, and the book The Everlasting Man by G. K. Chesterton. He was a prolific writer and formed a close friendship with other Oxford fellows such as J. R. R. Tolkien, Charles Williams, and Owen Barfield. The manuscript was eventually published in 1977, though Lewis scholar Kathryn Lindskoog doubts its authenticity. In the judgement of many, he is the most popular and most effective explainer and defender of the Christian faith writing in English in this century. I enjoyed getting to know the man behind the brilliance. His father, Albert Lewis, was a successful lawyer. Douglas Gresham is a Christian like Lewis and his mother,[67] while David Gresham turned to his mother's ancestral faith, becoming Orthodox Jewish in his beliefs. [77] His book "A Preface to Paradise Lost"[80] is still cited as a criticism of that work. See the fact file for more information on C.S Lewis. CS Lewis Biography. Wilson's biography was not the first to address the question of Lewis's relationship with Moore. "[30], Lewis entered Oxford in the 1917 summer term, studying at University College, and shortly after, he joined the Officers' Training Corps at the university as his "most promising route into the army". While he was quite young, his mother died of cancer but the "stiff upper lip" in favour at the time meant he wasn't allowed to grieve. He rejected the recruiting office's suggestion of writing columns for the Ministry of Information in the press, as he did not want to "write lies"[52] to deceive the enemy. [29] On the other hand, Paul Stevens of the University of Toronto has written that "Lewis' mere Christianity masked many of the political prejudices of an old-fashioned Ulster Protestant, a native of middle-class Belfast for whom British withdrawal from Northern Ireland even in the 1950s and 1960s was unthinkable. Though the book received some negative reviews, it was generally well-received by readers, and the series retained its international popularity over the following decades. Lewis was schooled by private tutors until age nine when his mother died in 1908 from cancer. Paul Stevens, review of "Reforming Empire: Protestant Colonialism and Conscience in British Literature" by Christopher Hodgkins, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFLewis1961 (. Lewis, Writer: The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. "[19] After his conversion to Christianity, his interests gravitated towards Christian theology and away from pagan Celtic mysticism. Durante sua carreira acadêmica, foi professor e membro do Magdalen College, tanto da Universidade de Oxford como da Universidade de Cambridge. American writer Suzanne Collins is the author of the best-selling 'The Hunger Games' series and 'The Underland Chronicles. He held academic positions in English literature at both Oxford University (Magdalen College, 1925–1954) and Cambridge University (Magdalene College, 1954–1963). C S Lewis: A biography of friendships. His illness caused him to miss the autumn term at Cambridge, though his health gradually began improving in 1962 and he returned that April. He was the second son of Albert Lewis, a lawyer, and Flora Hamilton Lewis. Lewis and His Life's Love", "A Secular Fantasy – The flawed but fascinating fiction of Philip Pullman", "Lost in the shadow of C.S. He became a member of the Church of England – somewhat to the disappointment of Tolkien, who had hoped that he would join the Catholic Church. His older brother, Warren Hamilton Lewis, who was known as Warnie, had been born three years earlier in 1895. C. S. Lewis was an acclaimed Irish fantasy novelist and Christian faith author, who wrote ‘The Chronicles of Narnia’ series. Read this biography to learn … He also penned an autobiography, Surprised by Joy: The Shape of My Early Life (1955). [126] The dedication service, at noon on 22 November 2013, included a reading from The Last Battle by Douglas Gresham, younger stepson of Lewis. Fast Facts: C.S. In chapter eight of this book I wrote that I was uncertain about whether they were lovers. From 1941 to 1943, Lewis spoke on religious programmes broadcast by the BBC from London while the city was under periodic air raids. Alison Becker talks about C.S. Ostatnie miesiące życia spędził z bratem. Can't put it down. [5][6] He was baptised on 29 January 1899 by his maternal grandfather in St Mark's Church, Dundela. His mother was Florence Augusta Lewis, née Hamilton (1862–1908), known as Flora, the daughter of Thomas Hamilton, a Church of Ireland priest, and great granddaughter of both Bishop Hugh Hamilton and John Staples. Peter Bide, performed the ceremony at her bed in the Churchill Hospital on 21 March 1957. -- C.S. Lewis' relationship with his wife, Joy, has also been depicted in Shadowlands, presented as a play and two films; one of the film versions was directed by Richard Attenborough and starred Anthony Hopkins as Lewis. In 1954, Lewis joined the faculty of Cambridge University as a literature professor, and in 1956 he married an American English teacher, Joy Gresham, with whom he had been in correspondence. ', Madeleine L'Engle was chiefly a children's author known for such works as 'Meet the Austins' and 'A Wrinkle in Time.'. Wilson’s highly readable C.S. C.S. Over 500,000 Customers. His health continued to improve and, according to his friend George Sayer, Lewis was fully himself by early 1963. Both were published under the pen name Clive Hamilton. [104] Anscombe had a completely different recollection of the debate's outcome and its emotional effect on Lewis. Author and screenwriter Aldous Huxley is best known for his 1932 novel 'Brave New World,' a nightmarish vision of the future. In 2008, The Times ranked him eleventh on their list of "the 50 greatest British writers since 1945". In the Trinity Term of 1929 I gave in, and admitted that God was God, and knelt and prayed: perhaps, that night, the most dejected and reluctant convert in all England. [42] Lewis quoted Lucretius (De rerum natura, 5.198–9) as having one of the strongest arguments for atheism:[43]. Ruth Plumly Thompson continued to write the series after his death. Lewis vigorously resisted conversion, noting that he was brought into Christianity like a prodigal, "kicking, struggling, resentful, and darting his eyes in every direction for a chance to escape". Their list of `` the great British weekend the Mourne Mountains '', `` three years. As follows: ( this is not clear whether the book a Grief Observed, using a name! Met Yeats twice, since Yeats had moved to Oxford. 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