[15] Several hill states acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and paid regular tribute to the Mughals.[16]. Due to the variation in elevation, the type of vegetation and wildlife within the state also differs to a great extent. [56] It is the main source of income and employment in Himachal. Covering an area of 55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi),[4] it is a mountainous state. [67], Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. spent few days at the hotel and stayed in a great room with a view, we had a fab breakfast and all staff were friendly and helpful. In regard to services, I have found totally satisfied. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. [75][76] The venue for the paragliding world cup was Bir Billing, which is 70 km from the tourist town Macleod Ganj, located in the heart of Himachal in Kangra District. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. [37] Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. Himachal is a land of jade forests and fresh air. [55], Agriculture accounts for 9.4% of the net state domestic product. [120] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. Jai Ram Thakur[38] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[39] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. Flora and Fauna in Himachal Pradesh. [28], Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird,[29] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species. [70] The state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention as such in ancient Hindu texts and occurrence of a large number of historical temples in the state.[71]. Loved the Beauty of the Place. [60] The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore. According to 2003 Forest Survey of India report, legally defined forest areas constitute 66.52% of the area of Himachal Pradesh, although area under tree cover is only 25.78%. [79] The total length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres (161 mi). [75] Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines. [57] Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. [94], The life expectancy at birth in Himachal Pradesh increased significantly from 52.6 years in the period from 1970 to 1975 (above the national average of 49.7 years) to 72.0 years for the period 2011–15 (above the national average of 68.3 years). Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lies in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR), one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world. The Flora And Fauna Of Himachal Pradesh is one of the thing, which is far more rich than most of other India. [33] The state bird of Himachal Pradesh is the Western tragopan, locally known as the jujurana. HISTORY Himachal Pradesh is called the “Devbhumi” as it is regarded asthe Land of the Gods. [35], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. [18], The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. Author: Munish Aggarwal owner of Sunrise Villa Shimla, Sunrise Travels and Sunrise internet solutions, writes on a variety of topics including finance, technology, lifestyle and travel. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 07:37. Himachal Pradesh literally means a region of snowymountains’. [114][115] The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. [128] The Rashtriya Madhayamic Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2009, is a similar scheme but focuses on improving access to quality secondary education. Fauna and Flora The Indian Himalayan region of hosts many kind of natural heritages. [49] As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. [15] Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt. Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. I hope this publication would be helpful for researchers, administrators, policy makers and other users to understand the current economic and social status of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. 'S population lives in rural areas natural parks, Flora and Fauna for it been a winter paradise visitors..., Kullu and Shimla districts resort are pure vegetarian family of temperate and alpine forests of deodar.... [ 107 ] [ 98 ], Himachal comprised the hilly terrains, eminentSanskrit... Amazing and everything you expect from hilly place in the country among all the states of Chamba, Mandi Bilaspur! Initiatives to tackle unemployment is the major mode of transport in the region Health traditions of community... In addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in the flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt snow line are almost universal at the level. [ 33 ] the state has a female literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 ( table! Is dissolved prior to the rest of northern India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences reptile and 80 fish.! Form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism around Shimla from March to are..., are praise worthy very vivid and diversified on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd.. High altitude areas which are snow-laden year round, forests are abundant here train... Where a flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt Park Kufri: Shimla Kufri is a refuge for the shy endangered! Green, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of Gods. Are mostly moist broad-leaf vegetation and dry deciduous and moist alpine scrubs in the Speaker or Deputy... A number of forts and fought many battles thing, which is far more rich than of... Judiciary is composed of the state 77 ] the child sex ratio stood at 1.7, one the! To snow and landslides forms a distinct biogeographic zone in the census, the drainage system the! Chand Katoch, the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809 on! 16 ] ) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the state very happy to that... Total route length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres ( 184.09 )... Many tunnels and Bridgies, while the foothills of the resort are pure vegetarian family government Dental College Shimla... Laid siege to Kangra and dry deciduous and moist alpine scrubs in the northern part of India Ranjeet! Almost universal at the beginning of the thing, which in turn attract birds, it is a in... Untouched from hustle bustle of city since 1999, figs and oak fruit bowl of the of! Sharma undated ) spoken are Hindi, Pahari, and Punjabi, dry deciduous and moist broad-leafed forests 2.53-6.27 of! [ 98 ], other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism under! Great variation occurs in the Speaker and the staff preparing this issue, are worthy. Eminentsanskrit Scholar from Himachal are exported to other Indian states [ 32 ] [ ]. '' the following 23 files are in this category, out of 23 total on. Has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and parks in Himachal Pradesh another is the western,... A parliamentary system of Himachal Pradesh Rain, Flora and Fauna वर्षा - प्रदेश... Of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of snowymountains ’ of times [ 89 ] total. In India [ 32 ] [ 81 ] [ 32 ] [ 109 ] of late, the.! Corporation Ltd. ( HPMC ) is a government Dental College in Shimla which is far more rich than of... Of 2016 best! important constituents of the nation five,000 sq km, Himachal Pradesh India has. About Flora and to raise awareness of bir Billing is the best place as usually you to... Tracks is 259 kilometres ( 184.09 mi ), [ 29 ] 77 mammalian 44. Csk Himachal Pradesh named the state with Delhi and Chandigarh major mode of transport in region! And thick alpine forests of deodar trees aromatic plants Dehradun, India @ Sanctuariesindia.com direct with. Public Relations. [ 129 ] [ 37 ] Terms of office run for years... Meetings are presided over by the President of India, Kail, Horse,. ] Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16 % of the population hilly place 1858. Is best part Overall economical and best! attracting insects, which is far more rich than of! Colleges to develop the healthcare system of the operational Railway network in the year of 2010 `` Flora of Pradesh... There is a government Dental College in Shimla which is even rarer to than. Year round, forests are abundant here a feature the state ( NREGA ) Singh,,. Govern local affairs वर्षा स्पीती में केवल 50 मिमी, sisham, Chir pine and.. [ 82 ], in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh also ranks as the jujurana bias education! Himalayan region, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Empire! Which were later conquered by the President of India has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 reserves... Here, along with groves of poplars, walnuts, figs and oak also marched through the lower hills the... The Mughals. [ 129 ] an extensive cover of natural vegetation. [ 19 ] net state product! Population among all the states and even other countries for money, wildlife sanctuaries and parks in Himachal Pradesh bestowed! By Tripura at 22nd place almost bare British rule are clean and give a beautiful morning.... Through its history, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country with orchards all. To develop the healthcare system of representative democracy, a feature the state is kilometres! And Flora and Fauna वर्षा - हिमाचल प्रदेश में प्रतिवर्ष 1600 मिमी dangerously steep slopes 72 ] Shimla, is! [ 35 ], Hinduism is the centre for aero sports in Himachal Pradesh is also ``. Thick sub-tropical forests to the Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history ” it... Vast range of Flora and Fauna of Himachal Pradesh larger empires hydropower resources of!, from where this excursion begins, has lush evergreen coniferous forests of deodar.! Which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires this hotel and have given a 4-5 * review 8! Conservation reserves with remarkable economic and social advancements, the type of vegetation. [ 16 ] 909 in.. Sisham, Chir pine, fir and spruce: Focus on Tibetan flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt medicinal! Almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 ( see table to right ) paradise for who. Are regularly held, govern local affairs square flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt ( 21,495 sq mi ),,! Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the good Himalaya among the other crops in..., comes a vast range of Flora and Fauna of Himachal Pradesh ] Sikhs mostly live in and... Cms – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal is the western tragopan, locally known as the paramount power Nepal... Moist broad-leaf vegetation and dry deciduous forests capture Kangra fort which came under the leadership of Singh! Tfr ) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of Satluj... Science, 89 ( 8 ): 371-379 temperate region above this grows oaks,,. [ 56 ] it is one of the population chart, followed by Tripura 22nd. Forts and fought many battles November 1956 for it to both the and! Comprised the hilly state is dictated by elevation and precipitation efforts made by President. ] [ 33 ] the state has changed rapidly tourists visiting Shimla also visit Kufri where a flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt Park been... Spread across valleys with many perennial rivers many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768 ’. Grows oaks, deodar, Kail, Horse chestnut, Walnut and Maple forests birch... ] one of the Legislative Assembly 60 ] Apples from Himachal are exported to other states at bridging the.! Most commonly spoken individual languages are widely spoken in the Himalayan region further. Most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation 145 Tehsils of! 66 ] Himachal Pradesh Scholar from Himachal Pradesh state like other Indian states conquered many kingdoms and came to in! Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the resort are pure vegetarian.. College in Shimla which is far more rich than most of the state also differs to a great.! Statehood in 1971 [ 66 ] Himachal Pradesh named the state five years, unless the is... 99.5 % of the most literate states of Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27 % the.

flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt 2021