Several hill states acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and paid regular tribute to the Mughals.. Due to the variation in elevation, the type of vegetation and wildlife within the state also differs to a great extent.  It is the main source of income and employment in Himachal. Covering an area of 55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi), it is a mountainous state. , Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. spent few days at the hotel and stayed in a great room with a view, we had a fab breakfast and all staff were friendly and helpful. In regard to services, I have found totally satisfied. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379.  The venue for the paragliding world cup was Bir Billing, which is 70 km from the tourist town Macleod Ganj, located in the heart of Himachal in Kangra District. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding.  Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. Himachal is a land of jade forests and fresh air. , Agriculture accounts for 9.4% of the net state domestic product.  The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. Jai Ram Thakur was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time in Shimla on 27 December 2017. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. Flora and Fauna in Himachal Pradesh. , Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird, 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species.  The state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention as such in ancient Hindu texts and occurrence of a large number of historical temples in the state.. Loved the Beauty of the Place.  The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore. According to 2003 Forest Survey of India report, legally defined forest areas constitute 66.52% of the area of Himachal Pradesh, although area under tree cover is only 25.78%.  The total length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres (161 mi).  Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines.  Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. , The life expectancy at birth in Himachal Pradesh increased significantly from 52.6 years in the period from 1970 to 1975 (above the national average of 49.7 years) to 72.0 years for the period 2011–15 (above the national average of 68.3 years). Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lies in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR), one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world. The Flora And Fauna Of Himachal Pradesh is one of the thing, which is far more rich than most of other India.  The state bird of Himachal Pradesh is the Western tragopan, locally known as the jujurana. HISTORY Himachal Pradesh is called the “Devbhumi” as it is regarded asthe Land of the Gods. , The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. , The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. Author: Munish Aggarwal owner of Sunrise Villa Shimla, Sunrise Travels and Sunrise internet solutions, writes on a variety of topics including finance, technology, lifestyle and travel. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 07:37. Himachal Pradesh literally means a region of snowymountains’.  The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known.  The Rashtriya Madhayamic Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2009, is a similar scheme but focuses on improving access to quality secondary education. Fauna and Flora The Indian Himalayan region of hosts many kind of natural heritages.  As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India.  Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt. Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. I hope this publication would be helpful for researchers, administrators, policy makers and other users to understand the current economic and social status of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. 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