Whilst Wolfenbüttel waned, Brunswick now experienced a cultural boom. Example: A search for "1 franc" is more precise than 1 franc. His brother John (1242-1277) inherited the land around Lüneburg and founded the Old House of Lüneburg. After Frederick's death in 1495, William divided the state again and left the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel to his elder son Henry. An outstanding representative of the military alliance between Brunswick and Prussia was the Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, the hereditary Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Hundreds of timber-framed buildings were built for the court, for its citizens and for ducal facilities, initially randomly, later designed to ducal requirements and for fire protection. The Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel was a principality within the Duchy of Brunswick … Various dynastic lines of the House of Welf ruled Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel until the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. [1] The marriage was arranged by Frederick William I of Prussia and Ferdinand Albert. In 1667 Ferdinand Albert was awarded the castle of Bevern near Holzminden. court life determined the timing of the stay in the Residenz castle on Bohlweg. The secret mission was disguised as a family visit at the time of the Autumn Fair. www.helpwire.com/From Wikipedia The area of Brunswick(-Wolfenbüttel) was further subdivided in the succeeding decades. During Charles I's era, there were great achievements in the cultural and scientific fields: the theatre was promoted and education encouraged. The recess laid down that all arbitrariness (Willkür) in the levies on stewards, or Meier, of feudal manors, particularly on the death of the farmer, were cancelled. In 1671 an old pipe dream of the House of Welf dukes came true when the joint armies of the different dynastic lines were able to capture the town of Brunswick and add it to their domain. Auguste Dorothea of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, the wife of Anton Günther II, Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen is famous for her miniature doll town Mon Plaisir still on display. The Congress of Vienna of 1815 turned it into an independent state under the name Duchy of Brunswick. In 1753/1754 the residence of the dukes of Wolfenbüttel returned to Brunswick, to the newly built Brunswick Palace. Note that, in addition to being titled "Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel", all the princes (not just the reigning ones) also used the title of "Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg". According to Bornstedt, Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel was therefore the first principality in the Holy Roman Empire to do away with feudalism. In front of the Herzogtor the number of gardens grew, until they eventually reached the Lechlum Wood (Lechlumer Holz). that the family were not prematurely evicted as would have been the case before. As a result of the German Mediatisation of 25 February 1803 the principality was given the territories of the secularised imperial abbeys of Gandersheim and Helmstedt. The extensive gardens in front of the three town gates (the Herzogtor, Harztor and Augusttor) were leased to the former gardeners as an emphyteusis. The castle built here for the Brunswick-Lüneburg dukes - together with the ducal chancery, the consistory, the courts and the archives - became the nerve centre of a giant region, from which the Wolfenbüttel-Brunswick part of the overall duchy was ruled. The effect on Wolfenbüttel was catastrophic, as can be seen from the timber-framed houses built later on. In 1571 the castle and village of Calvörde became part of the principality thanks to Duke Julius of Brunswick. Various dynastic lines of the House of Welf ruled Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel until the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. Was the strongest fortress in North Germany, but survived the War damaged! 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