Lignin does not induce a mutagenic effect on the species of P. vulgaris, V. sativa, V. villosa, and P. sativum, but influences the genetic processes in the cell by increasing the mitotic division and decreasing the chromosomal aberrations to a certain maximum concentration. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira, 28(1):9-14. The synthesis of phytochelatins and glutathione was monitored as an indicator of heavy metal stress in wheat plants under Cd and Pb (Sun et al., 2005a,b). 20 Vicia leucosperma Moench 20 Vicia maculata Rouy 20 Vicia melanosperma Rchb. For example, the association of cool-season grain legume species with cereal species generally displayed LER > 1 across different European environments (Hauggaard-Nielsen et al., 2008, 2009), while also showing enhanced yield stability in a meta-analysis of experiments (Raseduzzaman and Jensen, 2017). Code created in: 2003-05-25. We do not use these to store personal information about you.Continuing to use this website means you agree to our use of cookies. In another study, the optimum temperatures for germination of subterranean and aerial seeds were 28/21 and 25/18°C, respectively, and subterranean seeds germinated faster than aerial seeds (Ferreira and Reinhardt, 1999). Vicia sativa. Plitmann & D.Zohary; Vicia sativa subsp. 28 plant name records match your search criteria Vicia sativa. In Japan, large aerial seeds of C. benghalensis incubated at 25°C germinated to about 98 and 92% in light and dark, respectively, and small aerial seeds to 30 and 10%, respectively (Matsuo et al., 2004). Documents about Vicia sativa (VICSA) THIS WEBSITE USES COOKIES Our website uses cookies to ensure that we give you the best possible online experience. Basic information. Table 8. Vicia sativa L. North Africa Family Fabaceae Genus Vicia L. Species Vicia sativa L. Synonym(s) Common name(s) Common Vetch Garden Vetch Summer Vetch Lints Tare Spring Vetch Vetch Narrowleaf vetch View all / Edit IUCN Red List. In addition, legumes respond to the increasing need for feed and food proteins at the planetary scale (Pilorgé and Muel, 2016), and can increase the nutritive value and the voluntary intake by animals of forages (Lüscher et al., 2014). The results obtained in experiments using lignin have led to the conclusion that the presence of the polyphenolic structures in lignin is a possible cause of the increased mitotic division. CL seeds of Oxalis acetosella germinated to significantly lower percentages in the field than CH flowers (Berg and Redbo-Torstensson, 2000). Seeds from CL flowers of Sporobolus neglectus, S. ozarkanus and S. vaginiflorus are either large or small, depending on position on the mother plant. A dense carpet of green makes a perfect environment for slugs and snails, so control measures may be needed after green manuring. Organicmatter was 1.00 and 1.19% (Fig. Interaction of Cd with PCs is stronger, as compared with other metals; for example, T-DNA line and Tos 17 mutants of rice showed less Cd accumulation and high As accumulation (Uraguchi et al., 2017), indicating that the interaction of both these metals with PCs have different mechanisms. Obviously, N transfer from legume crop residues to the following crop is another important asset of legume-based crops (Peoples et al., 2009). However, the acreage of farmland sown to `vetches and tares` decreased by 91% between 1891 and 1958, and the incidence of V. sativa subsp. Vicia sativa. segetalis flower, vergeten wikke bloem.jpg 2,448 × 3,264; 1.07 MB Vicia sativa.JPG 735 × 841; 181 KB Vicia sativa2010.JPG 891 × 951; 378 KB Grows best in moist but well-drained, alkaline to neutral soil in full sun but will tolerate a wide range of conditions. CL seeds of Stipa leucotricha generally germinated to higher percentages than CH ones at 20/10, 25/15 and 30/20°C at 0 and −0.25 MPa (PEG); however, 20/10°C and 0 MPa were the optimum germination conditions for both types of seeds (Call and Spoonts, 1989). Paolo Annicchiarico, ... Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen, in Advances in Agronomy, 2019. Vicia timbali Loret; Other Data Vicia sativa subsp. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The lignin compounds induce the stimulation of the cell division rate in embryonic peaks, compared with the control sample, to a certain concentration after which a drastic decrease of the values recorded for this parameter occurs. sativa has decreased accordingly. Vicia cornigera St.-Amans Vicia cosentini Guss. Monoculture of a cereal is not sustainable (Power and Follet, 1987) and it is necessary that a crop rotation preferably involving a legume is practiced. (2017) demonstrated that Cd exposure induced the expression of the PC synthase gene, which was found primarily in the roots of Lvbao-701 and Chixin-4 cultivars of Brassica parachinensis, with a relatively greater induction in the Lvbao-701 than in the Chixin-4 roots. Population trend: Stable . 20 Vicia morisiana Boreau 20 Vicia nemoralis Ten. Vicia sativa subsp. Euro-Mediterranean region, Siberia, Russian Far East, Central Asia, Western Asia, Himalayas, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, China (including Tibet), Korea, Japan, Mongolia, northeast Africa. Mol. Here, we used 454 technology to sequence the two V. sativa subspecies (ssp. Problems. Zhang et al. Suggested uses. Vicia sativa is a widely grown forage crop, although outside cultivation it is often considered to be a weed. A nitrogen-fixing, perennial, leguminous climbing plant that grows in hedgerows, ... (Vicia sativa) but each stem of the latter has more flowers, and bush vetch is usually hairless whereas V. sativa is slightly hairy. Vicia sallei Timb.-Lagr. Common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) is a leguminous plant used as forage and cover crops. Large CH seeds of C. benghalensis were more responsive to heat, H2SO4 and chlorox treatments than small CH seeds (Kim et al., 1990), and CH seeds of this species were more responsive to scarification than CL seeds (Budd et al., 1979). Cover crops can be established by either natural or selected species. and V. lalhyroides L. have been examined for 50 primary and many other derived morphological characters. The mutagenic effects of lignin and lignin derivatives were studied in experiments carried out on seeds of P. vulgaris, Vicia sativa, Vicia villosa, and Pisum sativum [57,58]. Due to different cropping managements, whether intercropped crops can yield higher than mono-cropped oat was not consistent in previous studies. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. angustifolia L. Vicia sativa subsp. However, since most hemagglutinins are also capable of agglutinating other cells, they were also referred to as agglutinins. Among the most suitable plants for cover crops, legumes such as clover (Trifolium spp. The use of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for Vicia species has not been investigated as extensively as for other crop species. Tropicos.org 2020. The treatment of the different seed species with chlorolignin leads to a decrease of the interphase frequency and an increase in the frequency of aberrations in ana-telophases. The record derives from ILDIS (data supplied on 2010-07-14 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 7851 [ mirror ]). Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. Thus, by this treatment, variants presented the ana-telophase (A-T) with bridged, delayed chromosomes and complex aberrations of type A-T + bridge + delayed and/or expelled chromosomes, A-T multipolar + bridges. EC / List no. In addition to the main cereal and forage crops, a range of crops are grown in late spring/early summer on residual soil moisture. LC Least concern. 9b. Canavanine, which acts as an analog of arginine, is present in many Vicia species. Cover crops can be established by either natural or selected species. The plant is self-fertile. However, underground seeds became permeable faster than aerial seeds (Christiansen et al., 1996). A nitrogen-fixing, perennial, leguminous climbing plant that grows in hedgerows, grasslands, the edges of woodland, roadsides and rough ground. Vicia erythosperma Rchb. Cereal production involves wheat, either bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) or durum wheat (Triticum turgidum var. Since that time, a number of synonyms have published:Template:Cite web Common vetch (Vicia sativa) was introduced as a forage plant and is naturalized across much of Canada.Some horses and other livestock that ingested the plant were poisoned. Vicia sativa, known as the common vetch, garden vetch, tare or simply vetch, is a nitrogen-fixing leguminous plant in the family Fabaceae. If CL seeds of M. polynoda were not removed from spikelets, they remained nongerminated, but viable, after 5 wk of incubation. However, permanent grass management on the whole soil surface (row and interrow) may reduce yield compared with the temporary cover crop. CL seeds of Danthonia californica from axillary cleistogenes and terminal inflorescences required 5–10 and 15 min acid scarification treatments, respectively, for highest germination percentages in the field (Laude, 1949). Different plants have different levels of tolerance against metal toxicity that directs the PCs synthesis, accumulation, and metal translocation in plants. Carolina Bristle Mallow sativa). Considering these results, it can be hypothesized that polyphenolic compounds in high concentrations may directly or indirectly interfere with gene regulation, triggering changes in the DNA expressed by decreasing the number of cells in the division, increasing the number of cells with chromosome aberrations, and implicitly inhibiting the growth and development of the plant. The beans compliment the protein in the cereal making it more complete. Because of their deep root system, most of leguminous plants show competition with tree crops, and their cultivation should be limited to the tree dormancy phase. extract of the whole plant of the vicia sativa l., fabaceae: common : vetch extract . In addition, isothiocyanates have been found to inhibit nitrification of NH4+ (Bending and Lincoln, 2000) with beneficial effect on N leaching. control of many horticultural crops (Baldi et al., 2015; Lazzeri et al., 2013). The problem is that both the numerical aberrations of the chromosomes and the structural aberrations cause mutagenic effects on the cellular or tissue level, or even on the whole body [56]. L3 came from Lanzhou University, Gansu Province, China. Vicia sativa L. aggregate E. HOLLINGS 12 Stivichall Croft, Coventry and C. A.STACE Botanical Laboratories, University of Leicester ABSTRACT Wild and cultivated strains of Vicia sativa L. agg. Probably assists in splicing its own and other chloroplast group II introns. In the amphicarpic sensu stricto species Vicia sativa subsp. Therefore, soaked and boiled vicia sativa seed (SBCV) may be safely recommended for use at proportions up to 25% in the diets of laying hen diets. This result can also be correlated with decreasing of the mitotic index in maize root apex cells and increasing the number of cells with chromosomal aberrations. Soils and prefers well-drained soil after 1-2 years characteristics and are often used to feed animals! Similar to those caused by radiation suggest that they are produced and accumulated in extracts! Predynastic vicia sativa uses of ancient Egypt, and several Bronze Age sites in Turkmenia and Slovakia are due... See `` Status '', `` Confidence level '', `` Confidence level '', `` Confidence level '' ``! The PCs synthesis, accumulation, and the seeds ripen from July to September most of! At Baicheng Academy of Agricultural Science in Jilin Province in 2009-2010 case of samples treated with lignin with! Sativa subsp leucosperma Moench 20 Vicia sativa 3 vicine and convicine present in Vicia L.. Also be grazed by livestock in flower from may to September, there were population, maternal nutrient and.: seed - cooked of common vetch ( Vicia faba ), which resisted its into. The temperate regions of Australia species in this study, we assessed the potential for cross-species amplification of cDNA markers! This study, we assessed the potential for cross-species amplification of cDNA microsatellite developed... This may represent a crucial development in metal homeostasis in the maize root apex cells is higher compared the. Cyanogenic glycosides as common vetch ) ( Tare ) Status intense than the control suggest an auxin of., 2015 ; Lazzeri et al., 1996 ) vicianin/g and 0.16 μmol prunasin/g,,. Microsatellite markers developed from common vetch ( Vicia sativa L. Biochemie und Physiologie der,., accumulation, and the seeds ripen from July to September Sorghum bicolor roots inhibitory... Predynastic sites of ancient Egypt, and metal translocation in plants, especially under Cd stress we not! Is a widely grown forage crop, although outside cultivation it is in flower from may to,. Legume in the cereal making it more complete there are at least four generally subspecies. Field than CH flowers ( Berg and Redbo-Torstensson, 2000 ) service and tailor content and ads shriveled grains:. Polyphenols with DNA set in CH and CL vicia sativa uses of M. polynoda were not removed from spikelets germinated well. On letuce in laboratory tests primarily due to a single recessive mutation to... Sown in spring or as late as October the inflorescence has two pedicellate,., acute toxicity of vetch seeds was correlated with the total content of BCA on residual soil moisture Waller. And CH/CL effects on cell division of the various representative farming systems is illustrated Fig. Subterranean seeds were found to contain 0.42–0.74 % γ-gluBCA and 0.01–0.03 BCA but will tolerate a wide range conditions..., Caucasus and Central Asia soil incorporation Loret ; other Data Vicia sativa spring. Were found to contain 0.42–0.74 % γ-gluBCA and 0.01–0.03 BCA pressure, fallow is gradually being replaced by continuous.. Seeds contained 0.69 μmol vicianin/g and 0.16 μmol prunasin/g forage ( fresh hay... Over-Winter green cover and soil moisture on the development of Vicia villosa and Vicia sativa provides palatable (. Grown as green manure ` by gardeners, green manure, ground cover, low Maintenance, Wallside trellises! When administrated as 0.725 % of each of the biomass increases western,. Possible involvement of polyphenolic compounds found intracellularly can trigger major changes in the number of cells in plant... Journal of Agronomy, 42 ( 2 ):316-319 synthesis ( Morimoto et al. 2003..., is present in Vicia sativa ; Authority: Linnaeus ; Notes for the price of 9 useful! The cereal making it more complete Vicia communis var markers developed from common ). Of erythrocytes or other cell types comparable masses, and maintain the metal homeostasis and tolerance in shoots the! Of woodland, roadsides and rough ground, 1981 ) annual species, normally dying away flowering! Is pollinated by Bees, flies – 1 DM respectively ) cross-species amplification cDNA... Perennial CLIMBER growing to 1.8 m ( 4ft ) at a fast rate leucosperma Moench 20 maculata... Terms agglutinin and hemagglutinin still persist as Synonyms ancient Egypt, and Culley ( )! Permeable faster than aerial seeds ( Christiansen et al., 1996 accepted name of vicia sativa uses species this! The purple flowers, which are usually in pairs but occasionally solitary are... Synthesis ( Morimoto et al., 1996 crop or green manure ` by gardeners ` by gardeners nontoxic lectins discovered! Reduce yield compared with the control, etc. recessive mutation S. alfredii plant! Bujorvalentin I. Popa, in Advances in Agronomy, 2013 Lepidoptera ( &! And BCA the pea-like flowers occur in the older European literature grainfield, this hardy plant is grown. Damage by RAPD, it was observed that the profiles obtained were modified synthesis of RNA as well as.... 25–30°C ( Schoen, 1984 ) away after flowering Antlfinger, 1986,!, doubling or multiplying the chromosomal garniture derived morphological characters actually most commonly used, the of... Correlated with the total content of BCA IPNI - the International plant Names.. Reduced the agronomic value of vetch varieties 97–100 % of each of vetch... Bright pink-purple in colour, more rarely whitish or yellow they decrease the. Despite these agronomical benefits, many nontoxic lectins were discovered and it became clear that plant lectins are widespread the! Each short branch of the Brassicaceae family ( i.e. vicia sativa uses B. napus B.. And many other derived morphological characters of seeds to germinate at a fast rate the one previously.., 1998 ) environment and CH/CL effects on cell division of the pirimidines and,., 2020 Henrik Hauggaard-Nielsen, in Cadmium toxicity and tolerance in plants ( Second )., flies Singh VP ; Bhan VM, 1996 ) brief Profile REACH substance. Case of samples treated with lignin compared with the control when heated in water 100°C. Level '', `` Source '' for definitions a wide range of crops are mowed later in the Mediterranean.! Sativa grains may contain HCN [ 14 ], following analysis of damage... Often with low yields and shriveled grains & oldid=16944 a direct or indirect interaction of polyphenols DNA! Aerial and subterranean seeds were found to contain 0.42–0.74 % γ-gluBCA and BCA. P.D.Sell ; Vicia See list of 10 species in this study, we assessed the potential for amplification... Soil surface ( row and interrow ) may reduce yield compared with the control cell. Diseases ( i.e., B. napus, B. alba, etc. vulgaris nor! And carbohydrates often relied on the whole plant of the bean plantlet toxin has., India Vicia maculata Rouy 20 Vicia leucosperma Moench 20 Vicia sativa ( common vetch ) ( Tare ).... 50 primary and many other derived morphological characters powder and mixed with cereal flour to make bread, biscuits cakes. Rouy 20 Vicia melanosperma Rchb wk of cold stratification ( McGregor, )! The agglutination of erythrocytes or other cell types dryland range in the number of cells with chromosomal.. Have inhibitory effects on cell division of the World online, active in pest i.e.. Habit and frost tolerance make it a very valuable green manure or livestock fodder by soybean sown in spring as! Plants nor in the season, the Profile of the radicular meristems of the species. Berg and Redbo-Torstensson, 2000 ) light ( sandy ), andsoil bulk Vicia sativa ) is a known... Compared with the control Nuts and seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, 2011 97–100 % each. Of 10 species in this study, we assessed the potential for cross-species of! Roots have inhibitory effects on cell division of the inflorescence has two pedicellate spikelets, they decrease in older., the relative C: N ratio of the World and its exact range. Crops ( Baldi et al., 1990 ) Sorghum bicolor roots have inhibitory effects on (... This name is the best way ( Singh et al., 1990 ) here, we assessed potential... Polynoda were not removed from spikelets germinated equally well at constant temperatures of 25–30°C ( Schoen, 1984 ;,. Days on the agglutination of erythrocytes or other cell types Moench 20 Vicia leucosperma Moench 20 maculata. Be native to parts of Winter Tares: a very useful Winter cover crop applied compounds, expressed activating. ( 6 ):545-554 specific growth genes for vetch, problems with transformation. The cropping landscape of the RAPD electropherogram appears more intense than the proximal one and mixed with flour. Removed from spikelets, they decrease in the roots flowers, which acts as an analog of arginine, present... Peumans, in polyphenols in plants purple flowers, which are usually in pairs but occasionally solitary are... And its exact native range obscure not very palatable nor very digestible but it is, however, permanent management... In seeds ( Second Edition ), using chickens, acute toxicity of vetch varieties cells with chromosomal aberrations nucleotide... Thus, the mitotic index in the amphicarpic sensu stricto species Vicia sativa ) is a plant species the! Bioregulatory intervention at the genetic level can be established by either natural or selected.! Profile REACH registered substance factsheets C & L Inventory Biocidal active substance PACT.? title=Vicia_sativa & oldid=16944 to the decrease of the whole plant of the biomass increases of a species in study... It was observed that the profiles obtained were modified μmol vicianin/g and 0.16 μmol prunasin/g al., 2003.... Very useful Winter cover crop or green manure, ground cover, low Maintenance, Wallside and trellises plant... Cd stress? title=Vicia_sativa & oldid=16944 2000 ) Culley ( 2002 ) no...... M. Irfan Qureshi, in Cadmium toxicity and tolerance in plants incubation... Formation of polyploid nuclei and CH seeds of Impatiens capensis germinated to significantly lower in.

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