The basic idea of the sustainable livelihood approach is based on fivepillars, the fivelivelihood assets: human capital, social capital, physical capital, natural capital, and financial capital. Livelihood outcomes are what household members achieve through their livelihood strategies, such as levels of food security, income security, health, well-being, asset accumulation and high status in the community. 0000024344 00000 n 0000036801 00000 n In recent years the prominence of the five capitals has been criticised by development practitioners for focusing too much on the micro-level and neglecting the 'higher' levels of governance, the policy environment, national and global economic growth and so on. The livelihood assets, which the poor must often make trade-offs and choices about, comprise: † Human capital, e.g., health, nutrition, education, knowledge and skills, 5.1. 0000036075 00000 n on a belief that people require a range of assets to achieve positive livelihood outcomes. The vulnerability context is important because the three factors have a direct impact on the possibilities that poor people have to earn a living now and in the future. 0000003418 00000 n Sometimes one outcome can negatively affect another; for example, when poor people engage in less risky, and hence lower income activities, in order to be less vulnerable to shocks. trailer These are the following: Human capital: skills, knowledge, the ability to work and good health. Inevitably, when used in practice it is unwieldy and certain elements will be highlighted more than others depending on the interests of the users. These issues are of course captured in the wider sustainable livelihoods framework, within the transforming structures and processes and the 'vulnerability context' but, in practice, many people have used the idea of the five capitals more than they have the linkages between those and the wider environment in which people live. 0000002056 00000 n Strategies may include subsistence production or production for the market, participation in labour marketsor l… The results of SEM indicate that the farmland-transferred households are more likely to enhance willingness to urbanism when they obtain more physical capital. %%EOF h�b```a``�d`e`��bd@ A�P�c!��W_��|��1ikm\��D Introduction In this paper we explore the concept of rural livelihood and demonstrate its relevance for research in the rural sector. Livelihood assets amo ng the sample h ouseholds . The livelihood strategies and activities of poor people are often complex and diverse. 5 Primary Assets to Kick Start a Beekeeping Enterprise . and environmental services (hydrological cycle, pollution sinks etc) Human capital. For now, we will use the household as a unit of analysis, but as we will discuss in later units, it is important to recognise that not all individuals within a household have equal decision-making power, or benefit equally from household assets or income. 0000014177 00000 n Idea of Asset Idea of assets is central to sustainable livelihoods approach which considers assets poor people need in order to sustain an adequate income to live. Effect of Livelihood Assets on Willingness to Urbanism. 0000025593 00000 n In particular, social capital has often been seen as simply 'a good thing' whereas, in reality, social networks can be both inclusive and exclusive, with often the weakest and most vulnerable excluded. If it can maintain or enhance its capabilitiesand assets both now 0000024404 00000 n The very fact that you are studying this programme suggests that you are more fortunate than most people in your country, or in the world as a whole, or at least that you are not poor. This includes trends (such as national or international economic trends, changes in available technology, political systems), shocks (such as illness or death, conflict, weather), and seasonality (of prices, production cycles and so on). Livelihood asse ts owned by households represent the . This could be true, for example, where a person or household sells their land to migrate to a city. Good health is not simply a means to earning a livelihood; it is of course an end in itself. Livelihood assets refer to the resource base of different households, and are classified into five categories: human, social, financial, natural, and physical . Five types of assets, or capital as they are described in the literature, have been identified that we all, not just poor people, need in order to make a living. 0000036203 00000 n Regeln, Werte und Normen führen zu Verlässlichkeit im sozialen Handeln und … Are there trends that you have benefited from? 0 0000006574 00000 n The approach attempts to summarise in a single set of diagrams and connected terms the extremely complex and diverse reasons for poverty and the possibilities for addressing it. Ethiopia’s population is currently estimated at 77,5 million people, 85 % of whom depend on agriculture as their primary source of livelihood. 0000006009 00000 n A person's livelihood refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities of life". Unsuccessful outcomes include food and income insecurity, high vulnerability to shocks, loss of assets and impoverishment. It can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks now the livelihood strategies activities! 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